GMO的經濟貿易議題    GMO面面觀網站


  政治經濟      經濟貿易      消費者態度      生物倫理




  • 陳郁蕙 2004 基改生物與食品產業的經濟分析。見郭華仁、牛惠之(編) 2004 基因改造議題:從紛爭到展望。行政院農業委員會動植物防疫檢疫局,台北市,頁158 ~ 177。

  • 英國基因改造作物效益評估報告  Field Work : Weighting up  the costs and benefits of GM crops  2003


一、   目前現有之基因改造作物,對英國農民形成部分成本負擔,但亦有便利優惠;

二、   短期而言,經濟效益對英國甚為有限,因為時下基因改造作物種類範圍狹窄,不大適合英國農作條件,英國民眾接受度低,對其效益也造成限制;

三、   基因改造作物之潛在發展,未來應可提供更廣泛領域及更大利益,對農民及消費者均得其利,例如開發增加營養成分、降低過敏原對健康有益的基因改造作物,或非食用作物而應用於藥品及疫苗生產之用等;

四、   基因改造作物之整體損益得失,最終將取決於公眾接受態度,以及法規體系是否能對不確定因素之有效管理。


  • 英國農業生技評估報告 GM Science Review 結論

  1. 並無科學證據反對所有基改作物,每個案例都需要個別去研判;

  2. 目前上市的基改作物危害人體健康的風險極低;

  3. 針對將來的基改作物應該發展出安全評估技術、監控技術、與標示準則;

  4. 政府應針對某個申請案件個別審核。







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